History and sources of law in ancient India

by Chakradhar Jha

Publisher: Ashish Pub. House in New Delhi

Written in English
Cover of: History and sources of law in ancient India | Chakradhar Jha
Published: Pages: 233 Downloads: 593
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  • Law -- India -- History.

Edition Notes

Other titlesHistory & source of law in ancient India.
StatementChakradhar Jha.
LC ClassificationsLAW
The Physical Object
Paginationxxiv, 233 p. ;
Number of Pages233
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2362296M
ISBN 108170240506
LC Control Number86903824

Henry Sumner Maine was an English chap of the High Victorian era, i.e. the late 19th century. His Popular Government, a book discussing the properties and deficiencies of broad-suffrage democracy, is often recommended by reactionaries in the vein of Mencius g, in particular, included Popular Government in a list of three books constituting the canon of the so-called “Froude /5(7).   Below is a list of reputable web sites that contain primary sources from Ancient Civilizations. These websites can be difficult to search, but with patience and the use of good keywords you may find something useful. If you need help, use our AskUs reference services, or . Ancient History Primary Sources. Ancient Near East (Mesopotamia, Babylon, Assyria, Ugarit, Phoenicia, Persia, and Hittites). Laments for Ur. Epic of Gilgamesh: Sumerian Flood Myth. Babylonian Proverbs. Babylonian Myth: Ishtar's Descent into the Underworld. History is a subject that gives the facts and perspectives of past events. In its given premises, it includes a wide range of topics such as geographical conditions and human settlements; society and cultures; type of governance and administrative systems; trade and economic policy; interstate relationships; wars and battles, etc. in the time frame of Ancient, Medieval, and Modern.

All law was originally customary law, and there was no statutory law in ancient India, for the simple reason that there was no parliament or legislature in those times. Ancient Law, its connection with the early history of society and its relation to modern ideas, with an introduction and notes by Sir Frederick Pollock. 4th American from the 10th London edition (New York: Henry Holt and Co., ). The text is in the public domain. Sources of Ancient Indian History. The ancient period frequently begins with the Indus Valley Civilization and concludes with the Turkish raids in northern India in AD The archaeological evidence is largely obtained by the systematic skilled examination of buildings, monuments and .

History and sources of law in ancient India by Chakradhar Jha Download PDF EPUB FB2

This is the first book of its kind on the subject. For the first time an attempt has been made by the author to present a comprehensive and exhaustive account of different facts of law in Ancient India.

This is an authoritative account of the evolution of legal culture in Ancient by: 1. Genre/Form: History: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Jha, Chakradhar, History and sources of law in ancient India.

New Delhi: Ashish Pub. About the Book The book is a critical study of the law of evidence in ancient India from the days of Gautama and other ancient lawgivers and the centuries.

It is a branch of legal as well as social history of India. The book is divided into six chapters beginning with the problem of proof where problems like burden of proof and modes of proof where problems like burden of proof and modes of.

“Mitakshara” literally means “New Word” and is the paramount source of law in all of India. It is also considered important in Bengal and Orissa where it relents only where it differs from Dayabhaga.

It is a very exhaustive treatise of law and incorporates. Manusmriti was compiled between BC and AD. Thus, the various sources of law relied upon by kings at that time were shrutis, smritis, puranas, dharma sutras, etc.

And the study of these memorable books is evidence that in ancient India we had a well-developed and sophisticated system of administration of justice. This Study Is An Attempt To Focus Attention On That Aspect Of Society Which Arises Out Of Disobedience Of Established Norms And Rules Invoking Widespread Moral Indignation, Strain, Stress And Tension That Calls For Deterrents.

Geographically The Study Is Chiefly Confined To Northern India While The Main Emphasis Is On A Specified Time Period Of History/5(2). International Law II. Municipal Law III. Sources of Law I. Where does law come from.

Classification of Sources as a source of law al Precedent as a Source of Law V. Legislation as a Source of Law IV. Law Reform I. Need for Law Reform II. Law reforms in India V. Major works. Ancient india by rs sharma pdf– Hello Everyone, in this article we will discuss the most popular book of ancient india book by rs book provides a comprehensive and detailed explanation of the history of early India.

This book is useful for the aspirants who are preparing for competitive or government job exams. The law-books of ancient India known as Dharmasutras and Smritis belong to this group. They contain code of duties for kings, administrators, and people.

They also contain rules regarding property, and prescribe punishments for murder, theft and other crimes. Kautilya’s Arthasastra is a famous work. In fact there was no match for Rule of law that existed in ancient India; even Englishman’s Rule of Law looks too conservative before that lofty ideal of ancient Indian rule of law.

In the Mahabharata, it was laid down "A King who after having sworn that he shall protect his subjects fails to protect them should be executed like a mad dog.". Hindu law, as a historical term, refers to the code of laws applied to Hindus, Buddhists, Jains and Sikhs in British India.

Hindu law, in modern scholarship, also refers to the legal theory, jurisprudence and philosophical reflections on the nature of law discovered in ancient and medieval era Indian texts. It is one of the oldest known jurisprudence theories in the world.

The inception of Law in India primarily evolved from customs and religious prescription. Thereby today Indian laws traverse through secular legal systems and the common law. The legal history of India dates back to the Vedic Age and even it is believed that during the Bronze Age and Indus Valley Civilisation the sort of legal system was practiced.

In ancient India not only was there tremendous development of mathematics, astronomy, medicine, grammar, philosophy, literature, etc. but there was also tremendous development of law. This is evident from the large number of legal treatises written in ancient India (all in Sanskrit).

ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about the two main sources of ancient Indian history. The sources are: 1. Literary Sources 2. Archaeological Sources. Literary Sources: Amongst literary sources, we include all written records in the form of texts, essays or descriptions.

It has been mainly divided into two parts, religious and secular [ ]. This is an attempt to capture in one place the names of books and other works written in ancient India.

For the purpose of this list, we consider all books written in India up to and including the Mughal era as being 'ancient books'. This list is not comprehensive until it matches with the updated scientific facts. The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook has expanded greatly since its creation, and now contains hundred of local files as well as links to source texts throughout the net.

See Introduction for an explanation of the Sourcebook's goals. See the Help. page for all the help on research I can offer. Ancient India represented a distinct tradition of law, and had a historically independent school of legal theory and practice.

The main aim of the law in the Vedic period was to preserve " dharma " which means righteousness and duty. Dharma consists of both legal duties and religious duties. The Ancient Hindu legal system recognized 4 sources of law.

a) The Vedas (Shruti) - The primary and important source of Hindu law is Vedas. According to tradition the Vedas also called Shruti. These IAS History study materials cover most of the major History Topics from the Ancient Indian Historical era until the dawn of the middle ages.

Candidates should use these notes in conjunction with the NCERT Books to cover the complete UPSC Syllabus for Ancient Indian History. Sources of the Hindu Law: Ancient and Modern sources India is a country that has ample Personal laws. Every community has its own law.

Hindu have Hindu laws, Muslim have Muslim laws, Buddhist, Jains and Sikhs all comes under Hindu law. Those who are born in. Let’s know the five main sources of law in India-Customs or Customary Law.

Customs is the oldest law and one of the main sources of law in India. When a particular practice is followed from a long time by people habitually or regularly, then that practice is followed as a custom for the future purpose. According to Salmond, ‘custom is the. AN INTRODUCTION TO ANCIENT INDIAN LAWS Law in India has primarily evolved from customs and religious prescription to the current constitutional and legal system we have today, thereby traversing through secular legal systems and the common law.

This chapter briefly describes the evolution of Ancient Indian Law. Ancient Indian Law India has a recorded legal. Internet Indian History Sourcebook. Editor: Paul Halsall This page is a subset of texts derived from the three major online Sourcebooks listed below, along with added texts and web site indicators.

For more contextual information, for instance about Western imperialism, the Islamic world, or the history of a given period, check out these web sites. The study of coins, or numismatics was one of the most important sources of ancient Indian history.

For example, the entire history of Indo-Greek kings has been based on findings from coins. Legends on coins mention the ruler, date of issue, it may also contain the ruler’s regnal period, most coins also have a stamped image of the emperor on. In ancient India, all sections Vedas were the primary sources of law in India.5 C.

Journal of Texas Consumer Law Many writers and commentators of the ancient period documented the living conditions of the people through their in the books. ”29 Every trader. Ancient Indian History by RS Sharma PDF.

So we’ve got a lot of ancient Indian history books to follow but according to the popularity and reviews, Ancient Indian history by RS Sharma PDF book is one of the best books that have every single depth of details regarding India history and also the book is very well written with % genuine.

Personal law is defined as a law that applies to a certain class or group of people or a particular person, based on the religions, faith, and culture. Their belief is decided by the sets of laws. In this chapter, we will learn about the personal laws of Hindu, Muslims and the Christain community.

There are also several areas where Hindu law is silent. Most of the ancient sources of Hindu law is written in Sanskrit and it is well known that in the present times there is a dearth of Sanskrit scholars. There is hardly any importance left of the ancient sources since the time the modern sources have emerged and been followed.

Many races and tribes intermingled in early India. A significant attribute of ancient Indian culture has been the commingling of cultural elements from the north and south, and from the east and west.

Ancient India also saw the birth of Brahmanism or Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism, but all these cultures and religions intermingled and interacted. There was also an unusual type of social.

Unit IV Sources of Ancient Indian History and Culture. Archaeological B. Literary (Indigenous and Foreign) Unit V Chronology of Cultures Pre History, Proto-history and Historic. Books Recommended. PAPER 2 Political History of Ancient India up to A.D. Unit I Vedic and Epic India. mode of judicial governance to the new systems of law-making in the Indian subcontinent, such as Muslim law and Common law.

Manusmriti is indeed one of the main sources of Hindu law in spite of being one of the most conservative and retrograde source books in Hinduism, with a clear gender bias informing much of its judgments and pronouncements.

• Much of contemporary Indian law showsMuch of contemporary Indian law shows substantial European and Americansubstantial European and American nce. 3. History of Indian lawHistory of Indian law • Ancient India represented a distinctAncient India represented a distinct tradition of ion of law.The Dharmashastras are the ancient law books of Hindus, which advocate moral laws and principles for devout duty and righteous conduct for the followers of the faith.

They also shaped the guidelines for their social and religious code of conduct Hindus in the past where Hindu monarchs enforced the laws as part of their religious duty.